Working Group 2: Coercion and Sanctions

In all systems of political rule, coercion is used to manage conflicts. Against this background, the working group asks how coercion contributes to the production of trust or mistrust in and through conflicts. It studies how selected forms of coercion (legal, military, etc.) stem from positive as well as negative experiences of conflict, impact the course of conflicts, and thus shape trust in and through conflicts over time.


Prof. Dr. Armin von Bogdandy

Principal Investigator

Profile, contact and publications
Armin von Bogdandy is Director at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg since 2002. He studied law and philosophy before obtaining a Ph.D. in Freiburg (1988) and qualifying as a professor at the FU Berlin (1996).
He has been President of the OECD Nuclear Energy Tribunal (2006-2014) as well as a member of the German Science Council (Wissenschaftsrat) (2005-2008) and the Scientific Committee of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2008-2013); he has held visiting positions at the New York University School of Law, the European University Institute, the Xiamen Academy of International Law, and the Universidad Nacional Autonóma de México, among others. Armin von Bogdandy is the recipient of the Leibniz Prize (2014), the prize for outstanding scientific achievements in the field of legal and economic foundations by the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences, the Premio Internacional “Hector Fix Zamudio” of the Universidad Autónoma de México (2015), and the “Mazo” (gavel) of the Interamerican Court of Human Rights (2015).
He has been awarded Doctor Honoris Causa from Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest (2020), Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina (2020/21) and Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Argentina (2017).His research centers on the structural changes affecting public law, be they theoretical, doctrinal, or practical.

Kontakt
Website
E-Mail
Phone: +49 06221 482 602

Postal address
Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law
Im Neuenheimer Field 535
69120 Heidelberg

Publications on the research topic
Strukturwandel des Öffentlichen Rechts. Entstehung und Demokratisierung der europäischen Gesellschaft. Armin von Bogdandy. Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Wissenschaft 2022, 525 S.

Gemeinwohl im Völkerrecht. Eine Theorie internationaler öffentlicher Gewalt. In: Rainer Forst, Klaus Günther (Hrsg.), Normative Ordnungen, Suhrkamp. Berlin, 2021, S. 300-328. (zusammen mit Matthias Goldmann und Ingo Venzke)

In wessen Namen? Internationale Gerichte in Zeiten globalen Regierens. Suhrkamp, Berlin, 2014, 383 S. (zusammen mit Ingo Venzke)

Prof. Dr. Christoph Burchard

Principal Investigator

Profile, contact and publications
Prof. Dr. Christoph Burchard, LL.M. (NYU), (1976), has held a professorship in criminal law and criminal procedure, international and European criminal law, comparative law and legal theory at Goethe University Frankfurt am Main since 2015. The most important research areas of the professorship are in particular criminal constitutional law, especially with regard to its (democratic) politicization, the internationalization and Europeanization of criminal justice, and the transformations of existing normative orders by new, especially algorithmically based, technologies. He has also been Visiting Professor in these years in different universities in Europe (Luiss University of Rome, University of Verona, University of Valencia) and in South America (University Adolfo Ibáñez Santiago de Chile). He has been Principal Investigator since 2015.Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

Contact
Website
E-Mail
Phone: +49 (0) 69 798 31471

Postal address
Goethe University Frankfurt am Main
Institute for criminal Justice and Philosophy of Law
Normative Orders, Room 2.01
Max-Horkheimer-Strasse 2
60323 Frankfurt am Main

Publications on the research topic
Die Konstitutionalisierung der gegenseitigen Anerkennung: Die justizielle Zusammenarbeit in Strafsachen in Europa im Lichte des Unionsverfassungsrechts, Juristische Abhandlungen Bd. 55, Klostermann 2019, 790 S. (Habilitationsschrift).

Criminal Law Exceptionalism as an Affirmative Ideology, and its Expansionist Discontents, Criminal Law and Philosophy 2021, S. 1-11.
Of Forging Shields into Swords: On the Dialectic of Rights and the New Liberal Desire for Criminal Law, in: Ghanayim/ Shany (Hrsg.), The Quest for Core Values in the Application of Legal Norms. Essays in Honor of Mordechai Kremnitzer, Springer 2021, S. 37-59.

Von der »Strafrechts«ordnung der Prädiktionsgesellschaft zur Strafrechts»ordnung« des liberalen Rechtsstaats, in: Forst/Günther (Hrsg.), Normative Ordnungen, Suhrkamp 2021, S. 553-579.

Künstliche Intelligenz als Ende des Strafrechts? Zur algorithmischen Transformation der Gesellschaft, in: Joerden/Schuhr (Hrsg.), Jahrbuch für Recht und Ethik, Duncker & Humblot 2019, S. 527-555.

Miryam Frickel, M. A.

PhD student

Profile, contact and publications
Miryam Frickel (1992) is a PHD candidate at ConTrust. Her PhD project focuses on the multiple mediating roles of parallel organizations in the state, with a research focus on the mafia in Sicily. She studied political science, social sciences and philosophy in Kassel, Leipzig and Tallinn, where she worked at various documentary film festivals.

Contact
E-Mail

Publications on the research topic
Frickel, Miryam 2021: Is the Mafia a State Apparatus? Migration Management in the Mezzogiorno, in: New Research in Global Political Economy, Kassel URI: doi:10.17170/kobra-202112065159.

Dr. Melina C. Kalfelis

Postdoc

Profile, contact and publications
Dr. Melina C. Kalfelis is a postdoc in the ConTrust research initiative at the Goethe University Frankfurt. Trained in social and political anthropology, her research deals with dynamics of dis/trust and political violence in contemporary West Africa. After her PhD, she has received several fellowships from the Cluster of Excellence “Africa Multiple” in Bayreuth, the “GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies” in Hamburg (VolkswagenStiftung), and the “Merian Institute for Advanced Studies in Africa” at the University of Legon. Until the end of 2021, Melina worked in the Cultural and Social Anthropology Faculty at the University of Bayreuth. Her research project “Politics in a Moral Twilight: Vigilantism on the Margins of Peacebuilding, Human Rights, and the Sahel Crises” is currently funded by the Thyssen Foundation. In general, her interdisciplinary research interests include politics, violence and conflict, belonging, global inequality, coloniality of power, civil society, research ethics and collaborative methods.

Contact
Homepage
E-Mail
Telefon: +49 69 798-31517

Postal address
Goethe University Frankfurt am Main
Institut für Ethnologie
Norbert Wollheim-Platz 1
60323 Frankfurt am Main

Publications on the research topic
„Beyond Donor Memory. Time and Power Behind the Curtains of NGO Work in Burkina Faso”, Anthropologie & Développement (accepted, appears 2022).

„With or Without the State – Security Practice at the Margins of Peacebuilding SFA and Vigilantism”, Journal of Intervention and State Building 5 (15): 598-613.

with Amado Kabore: „Le paradoxe de la violence et de la sécurité. L’Avenir de la lutte contre le terrorisme et l’insécurité au Burkina Faso”, in: Rouamba Ouedraogo, Bowendsome C. V. (eds.): Crise sécuritaire dans les pays du G5 Sahel : comprendre pour agir

With Kathrin Knodel (eds.): NGOs and Lifeworlds in Africa. Transdisciplinary Perspectives. London: Berghahn.

NGO als Lebenswelt. Transnationale Verflechtungen im Arbeitsalltag Entwicklungsakteuren [NGO as Lifeworlds. Transnational Entanglements in the Everyday Work of Development Actors]. Frankfurt am Main: Campus.

Dipl.-Jurist Finn-Lauritz Schmidt

PhD student

Profile, contact and publications
Dipl.-Jur. Finn-Lauritz Schmidt, born in 1996, is a doctoral candidate at the Institute of Criminal Sciences and Philosophy of Law and a research assistant at the Chair of Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure, International and European Criminal Law, Comparative Law and Theory of Law, Prof. Dr. Christoph Burchard, LL.M. (NYU). He studied law in Frankfurt am Main as a scholar of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and researches the criminal law implications of anthropogenic climate change.

Contact
Website
E-Mail

Dr. Irene Weipert-Fenner

Principal Investigator

Profile, contact and publications
Dr. Irene Weipert-Fenner (geb. 1982) ist wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Leibniz-Institut Hessische Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung sowie Principal Investigator bei ConTrust. Als vergleichende Politikwissenschaftlerin beschäftigt sie sich mit Autokratien und Demokratisierung sowie Protesten und sozialen Bewegungen mit einem regionalen Schwerpunkt auf den Nahen und Mittleren Osten sowie Nordafrika. Frau Weipert-Fenner hat an der Goethe-Universität in der Politikwissenschaft promoviert. Für ihre Dissertation „The Autocratic Parliament. Power and Norm Dynamics in Egypt, 1866 -2011“ erhielt sie 2014 den Dissertationspreis der Deutschen Arbeitsgemeinschaft Vorderer Orient (DAVO).

2019 vertrat sie die Professur für Politik des Nahen und Mittleren Ostens an der Philipps-Universität Marburg. Von 2014 bis 2022 leitete Frau Weipert-Fenner internationale Forschungsprojekte mit ägyptischen und tunesischen Partnern, die von der VolkswagenStiftung gefördert wurden. Sie ist zudem Mitglied der Arab German Young Academy (AGYA).

Contact
Homepage
E-Mail
Phone: +49 (0) 69 95910471

Postal address
Peace Research Institute Frankfurt
Research Department Governance and Societal Peace
Baseler Str. 27-31
60329 Frankfurt am Main

Publications on the research topic
Weipert-Fenner, Irene: “Go local, go global: Studying popular protests in the MENA post-2011” in: Mediterranean Politics, 2021.26(5), 563-585: https://doi.org/10.1080/13629395.2021.1889286

Weipert-Fenner, Irene: The Autocratic Parliament. Power and Legitimacy in Egypt, 1866-2011, Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2020

Weipert-Fenner, Irene: “Unemployed mobilisation in times of democratisation: the Union of Unemployed Graduates in post-Ben Ali Tunisia” in: Journal of North African Studies, 25(1), 2020, S. 53-75. DOI: 10.1080/13629387.2018.1535317

Socioeconomic Protests in MENA and Latin America. Egypt and Tunisia in Interregional Comparison. Herausgegeben mit Jonas Wolff, Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020.

Clientelism and Patronage in the Middle East and North Africa: Networks of Dependency. Herausgegeben mit Laura Ruiz de Elvira und Christoph Schwarz, New York, London: Routledge, 2018.

Dr. Tobias Wille

Scientific Coordinator and Principal Investigator

Profile, contact and publications
Dr. Tobias Wille is a Research Associate at the Research Center “Normative Orders” at Goethe University Frankfurt since 2015. His research focuses on trust and distrust in international politics, on international security and on diplomacy. From 2004 to 2010, he studied political science, philosophy, and economics at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich, Yale University and the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). In 2017, he received his PhD from Goethe University. From 2018 to 2020, Tobias was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies at Columbia University in New York on a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Global Fellowship from the European Commission.

Contact
E-Mail

Postal address
Goethe-University Frankfurt
“Normative Orders”
Raum 1.16 | Hauspostfach EXC9
Max-Horkheimer-Str. 2
60323 Frankfurt

Publications on the research topic
Wille, Tobias (2021): „Politik und ihre Grenzen in Clausewitz’ Denken über den Krieg“, in: Politische Vierteljahresschrift 62/1, 45-67.

Schindler, Sebastian; Wille, Tobias (2019): „How Can We Criticize International Practices?“, in: International Studies Quarterly 63/4, 1014-1024.

Braun, Benjamin; Schindler, Sebastian; Wille, Tobias (Hg.) (2019): „Rethinking Agency in International Relations“, Sonderheft des Journal of International Relations and Development 22/4.

Wille, Tobias (2019): „Representation and Agency in Diplomacy: How Kosovo came to agree to the Rambouillet Accords“, in: Journal of International Relations and Development 22/4, 808-831.

Schindler, Sebastian; Wille, Tobias (2015): „Change in and through Practice: Pierre Bourdieu, Vincent Pouliot, and the End of the Cold War“, in: International Theory 7/2, 330-359.

Prof. Dr. Jonas Wolff

Foto: Barbara Frommann

Principal Investigator

Profile, contact and publications
Prof. Dr. Jonas Wolff (1975) ist Professor für Politikwissenschaft mit dem Schwerpunkt Transformationsforschung, Fokus Lateinamerika, an der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt sowie Vorstandsmitglied und Leiter des Programmbereichs „Innerstaatliche Konflikte“ am Leibniz-Institut Hessische Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung (HSFK). Seine Forschungsschwerpunkte sind die Transformation politischer Ordnungen, Contentious Politics, internationale Demokratieförderung und die Politik Lateinamerikas. Er hat 2007 an der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt promoviert und sich 2014 an der Universität Kassel habilitiert. Jonas Wolff ist Direktoriumsmitglied des Deutsch-Kolumbianischen Friedensinstituts (Instituto CAPAZ) in Bogotá und Mitglied des Forschungsnetzwerks External Democracy Promotion (EDP).

Contact
Website
E-Mail
Phone: 069-959104-49

Postal address
Peace Research Institute Frankfurt
Baseler Straße 27-31
60329 Frankfurt am Main

Publications on the research topic
Poppe, Annika E./Leininger, Julia/Wolff, Jonas (Hrsg.) 2019: The negotiation of democracy promotion: Issues, parameters and consequences, London (Democratization Special Issue).

Poppe, Annika E./Wolff, Jonas 2017: The contested spaces of civil society in a plural world, in: Contemporary Politics 23: 3, S. 469-488.

Weipert-Fenner, Irene/Wolff, Jonas (Hrsg.) 2020: Socioeconomic protests in MENA and Latin America: Egypt and Tunisia in interregional comparison, Cham.

Wolff, Jonas 2017: Negotiating interference: US democracy promotion, Bolivia, and the tale of a failed agreement, in: Third World Quarterly 38: 4, S. 882-899.